We are also seeing plant species, right across the globe, threatened by volatility and change in temperature and rain levels. Plantbank, by 360 Degrees Landscape Architects, is a landscape created around the largest collection of plant seeds in the country. It stores over 100 million seeds, representing a cross section of Australia’s flora. The landscape design reinforces this endeavour, serving as a salient reminder of the value of native flora, in maintaining landscape systems and community identity.
This task of protecting and conserving our ecological heritage is taken up by the winners of the landscape planning award, Site Office. Their Chain of Ponds Action Plan addresses the real issues faced, in restoring the somewhat degraded Moonee Ponds creek. It builds on previous analytical studies of the creek, and provides the opportunity to inform and influence others, including both local and state government.
While perhaps not as visually compelling as large-scale implemented landscape projects, the role of research and detailed analysis is clearly critical, in a time of opinions, bots and online rants. The future decisions we make about our environment must be supported by sound research and analysis. “Many awarded projects displayed evidence of a research component that provides rigour to built outcomes,” says Kjaersgaard. “Notably, the jury were impressed that green infrastructure, across the country, is becoming embedded into projects as the norm.”
As winner of the Research, Policy and Communications prize, Simon Kilbane’s work on the Green Infrastructure National Green Network is particularly notable. The jury was struck by this exploration of the spatial implications of environmental policies, which aim to safeguard Australia’s biodiversity. As the jury report states, “The project is big in both scale and ambition and pushes the established boundaries of the profession, utilising a flexible research methodology that is applied, from the continental scale to the local scale”.
Alongside research and statistical analysis, another important source of knowledge for landscape architects is the knowledge carried in the lives and experiences of local people. Communities have a key role in the decision-making and custodianship of future landscapes. The Perth-based practice UDLA picked up two awards for projects that go the extra mile in engaging diverse communities. Newman Town Centre is a significant revitalisation project, transforming a hardstand carpark into a 2,600 square metre civic plaza that is now home to a significant shade-giving tree canopy.
The community’s sense of ownership and ongoing direction has been supported by a robust Place Management Plan led by the landscape architects. The project demonstrates how urban landscapes contribute to the mental and social health and wellbeing of a regional community.
In addition, UDLA’s Place of Healing exemplifies deep listening, and the role of landscape architects in providing a holistic ‘People and Place’ approach to visioning. The project demonstrates how landscape architecture can, and often should, go beyond spatial design, in developing a deep understanding of Indigenous planning, management and cultural heritage visioning, as well as intergenerational cultural healing.
This kind of learning from Indigenous communities is vitally important, further signaled by the appointment of Aboriginal landscape architect Paul Herzich (Kaurna/Ngarrindjeri) to the national jury and the adoption of AILA’s first Reconciliation Action Plan in 2018. As Kjaersgaard says of UDLA’s winning projects, “this way of working, cross-culturally, towards the co-production of knowledge must become central to the work that landscape architects do”.
More widely, the role of landscape architecture in promoting the health and well-being of all citizens is exemplified in the winner of the Infrastructure prize: the Darebin Yarra Trail Link. This project was undertaken by the VicRoads, in a collaborative team that brought together their Urban Design and Structural Design teams. As noted in a recent Foreground article, the project promotes active transport, while the design sensitively integrates the constructed elements with the environment.
Of course, no built environment is complete without spaces and places designed for children and young people. Bungarribee by JMD is an award-winning play space that frames and celebrates the existing natural landscape of the site, allowing visitors to appreciate the striking landscape of repaired grasslands, the big open sky and distant views, while hinting at the pastoral and industrial past of the site.
Children are not, however, the only people who like to play. The new Perth Stadium precinct, designed by HASSELL, proved to be a great opportunity to transform a previously underutilised site into a vibrant community precinct and new gateway to the city of Perth. This project brings together play spaces, community engagement and Indigenous collaboration, within the context of a major new piece of city-building. Extensive engagement with the local Indigenous community and others has led to the inclusion of six zones, representing the local Indigenous Noongar seasons. Each zone incorporates different plants, local materials, nature-play themes, art and educational signage in interesting and diverse ways.
Together these projects, and many more awarded on the night, reflect a profession of landscape architecture that is expanding its horizons. The challenges we face in the years and decades ahead will not be met by simply deploying past knowledge and known techniques. Those involved in designing and delivering tomorrow’s cities – from pocket parks to city-changing stadia – need to adapt and embrace new research, adopt new tools and build stronger networks within a wider of professionals and community alike.
The awards kick off a weekend of events and activities during the International Festival of Landscape Architecture, this year taking place on the Gold Coast. At the centre of that festival in the 2018 AILA conference, entitled The Expanding Field: Charting the Future of Practice. It’s safe to say from this year’s landscape architecture awards, that future practice has already begun.